Walton Riverbend Estates Community - County of Brant, Ontario, Canada

Frequently Asked Questions

These frequently asked questions and answers are for general information purposes only and cannot be relied upon to make an investment decision.
Q: In the well testing information, I can see much information about volume of water pumped but no information about where that water was deposited. Can you please advise for both tests where the water pumped up in the tests was released back?

A: Water from the Step Rate Pumping Test and Constant Rate Pumping Test was piped directly to Mt. Pleasant Creek downstream of drive point piezometer DP2-11. This was done with the permission of landowners.

Q: What volumes are expected and what are the peak flows?

A: Stantec Consulting Ltd. has established the following design criteria (for the Area Study and based on 295 units) to determine the projected sewage flows in accordance with the County of Brant Development and Engineering Standards.




Residential Population Estimate @ 3.1 PPU 295 units 400 L/capd1 915 366 m3/d


Maximum Day Factor (assumed) 2
Maximum Day Flow 732 m3/d
Peak Hour Factor (Harmon Formula, PF = 1+14/[4+√P/1000]) 3.82
Peak Hour Base Flow 58.3 m3/d (19 L/s)
Peak Infiltration Rate @ 2.3 x 10-4m3/s·ha1 x 58.6 ha total 48.5 m3/h (13.5 L/s)
Peak Hour Flow (Total) 106.8 m3/h (32.5 L/s)

1 County of Brant Development and Engineering Standards, includes average day infiltration allowance in base flow

Q: Can wastewater go into the Grand River?

A: No, this is extremely unlikely. New and existing wastewater treatment facilities typically develop contingency plans and operating criteria to identify and rectify issues prior to a breakout occurring. A breakout is a failure of the discharge system causing an overflow, or breakout, of the treated effluent from the subsurface discharge to the surface. The proposed treatment plant is treating the water to surface discharge standards in the event of a breakout but the water is being discharged into the ground (“subsurface”). The system is not discharging into the Grand River, nor is it discharging into a tributary of the Grand River.

Q: If the wastewater treatment facility is not approved, will each lot within the Riverbend Estates Community use a septic system?

A: No, we are not proposing the use of any private septic systems in the Riverbend Community.

Q: How many units will the wastewater treatment facility support?

A: The technical background reports support a wastewater treatment facility for 295 units.

Q: How long will the construction of the wastewater treatment facility be?

A: The wastewater treatment facility and distribution system will take approximately nine months to one year to be completed.

Q: When would the County of Brant assume responsibility of the wastewater treatment facility?

A: Walton and the County of Brant would have to enter into an agreement, reviewed by the Ministry of Environment, to determine at which point the wastewater treatment facility would be assumed by the County of Brant. This is typically done after the wastewater treatment facility is commissioned.

Q: Who will initially pay for the wastewater treatment facility? Who will pay for the facility in 10 years?

A: This will be determined in conjunction with the County of Brant. Walton proposes to pay the capital costs of the wastewater treatment facility and infrastructure.  At a predetermined time, the County of Brant will likely assume responsibility for owning and operating the facility.  Wastewater rates collected from the users will be utilized by the County of Brant to pay for the operation of the plant.

Q: Is Walton selling the sewage or selling the capacity of the plant?

A: No, Walton is not selling the sewage or the capacity of the plant.  

Q: How will construction vehicles access the site?

A: Construction vehicles will enter from Phelps Road using a newly constructed access road.

Q: Why is the wastewater treatment facility sized only for the Riverbend Estates Community and not the larger area?

A: Based on the County of Brant’s Official Plan and the Tutela Heights Area Study, we have been directed by the County of Brant to design a wastewater treatment facility for lands within the Tutela Heights Area Study.

Q: How much land will go to the County of Brant with the wastewater treatment facility and the lateral sand filters?

A: This will depend on the final design. It is expected the land utilization will be seven to 10 acres.

Q: Will the topography, or weather, affect wastewater solutions?

A: No, wastewater is collected via a separate sanitary sewer system. All treatment is located in the wastewater treatment facility or underground.

Q: How is the wastewater treatment facility different from existing septic systems?

A: With a septic system, wastewater enters the first chamber of a tank, allowing solids to settle and scum to float. The liquid component flows through the dividing wall into the second chamber where further settlement takes place. The excess liquid then drains directly into the leaching bed, also referred to as a drain field or seepage field. The wastewater treatment facility removes all solids and treats the wastewater both chemically and biologically using screens, settling, anoxic and aerobic chambers, recycling of biomass, and final settling before releasing the treated effluent to a lateral sand filter.

Raw sewage typically has a Biochemical Oxygen demand (BOD5) of 240 mg/l and flow from a septic tank will typically have a BOD5 of 120 mg/l .  Flow from the proposed wastewater treatment facility will typically have a BOD5 of 5 – 10 mg/l.  The total BOD5 from the Riverbend Estates Community is the equivalent to approximately 20 homes on septic systems.

Q: What is sewage treatment and treated effluent?

A: Sewage treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater (household sewage). It includes physical, chemical, and biological processes to remove physical, chemical and biological contaminants. Its objective is to produce an environmentally-safe fluid waste stream referred to as treated effluent.

Q: Will there be odour from the plant?

A: The Ministry of Environment provides recommendations for sewage systems open to the air, and it recommends a setback distance of 100 metres. The proposed wastewater treatment system for the Riverbend Estates Community is not open to the air,  but will be located approximately 150 metres from the closest lot in the Riverbend Estates Community. Existing residents should not notice any odours.

Q: You can’t flush certain things down a septic system that you can in a municipal sanitary system – who will explain this to home buyers?

A: There are items that should not be flushed down either individual or municipal systems. This will be an educational process, similar to what occurs with the County of Brant’s other municipal systems in Paris, St. George, Cainsville and at the airport.

Q: Will copies of the technical studies relating to the provision of a wastewater treatment facility be made available?

A: All technical reports submitted to the County of Brant are available on the Walton Riverbend website.

Q: Who is the manufacturer of the wastewater treatment facility components?

A: This has not yet been determined.  Stantec Consulting Ltd. in conjunction with the Ministry of Environment and the County of Brant will develop a design brief that will outline the specifications of the facility and a tender process will be initiated to allow those qualified in the manufacturing and installation of wastewater treatment facilities to bid on the project.

Q: How often is solid waste removed from the wastewater treatment facility?

A: A low volume of biosolids, or solid waste, is expected to be generated.  However, a Biosolids Management Plan will need to be developed and approved by the Ministry of Environment and the County of Brant. Typically biosolids would be removed every six months to one year.

Q: Where will the access road to the wastewater treatment facility be located?

A: The access road to the wastewater treatment facility is anticipated to run north off of Phelps Road and be located approximately 45 metres east of the westerly property line.

Q: Are leaching beds better than the wastewater treatment facility currently proposed for the Riverbend Estates Community?

A: No, leaching beds allow sanitary sewage to flow directly into the ground (subsurface). The wastewater treatment facility that Walton proposes will treat sanitary sewage in a municipally monitored system with tertiary treatment. The treated water (effluent) will flow through a lateral sand filter prior to infiltrating into the ground.

Q: What will happen next in the process?

A: Following Walton’s Open House on May 29th, there are two statutory public meetings required by Brant County.  These will be advertised by the County and will represent further opportunities to scrutinize the Walton plan.

Q: What format will the next meeting have?

A: There will be additional, Town Hall meeting(s) conducted by the County at which time it deals with our applications.  That meeting(s) is required under the Planning Act and are advertised to the public who can attend, make presentations and ask questions.  We’re keen to provide this opportunity now so that everyone gets a chance to meet us.  

Q: What impact will the development have on water?

A: Water for our development is highly regulated by the County through the Health Department, Conservation Authority and Ministries of the Environment and Natural Resources.  Walton is required to submit detailed studies and reports conducted by qualified scientists (Hyrdrogeologists) that address a wide range of standards including quality, quantity, impact on adjacent wells and long terms security. In the interests of full transparency, we have posted these studies on this web page.

Q: Will the design be compatible with the existing community?

A: Walton, as part of the approval of its proposed plan of subdivision, will be subject to rigorous site plan controls by the County of Brant.  As you know, we have the right to propose over 300 residential units for our land.  We have chosen to place 200 residential units, reductions made to accommodate community concerns and ensure we’re integrating as much as possible.  In addition, Walton has made significant changes to its proposed plan in response to public input and county requests. 

Q: What size of homes will be in the development?

A: There were three objectives which governed our design of this development: First was to ensure it worked as seamlessly as possible with the surrounding community character and homes.  Second was sensitivity to the natural environment and third was to respond to the current market place.  We have had over 25 meetings with residents, officials and stakeholders resulting in over many changes to the design of our plan.  We are confident this version has clearly responded to these objectives and is the “communities plan”. 

Q: Who will be the builders be?

A: That has not been decided.  That said, Walton is committed to ensuring when chosen, the builder will honor and meet all the requirements and commitments made by Walton through this process and all the conditions of approval required by the County. 

Q: What about the proposed sewage treatment system?

A:  The proposed sewage treatment system must be approved under the stringent regulations of the Ontario Ministry of Environment.  It is the opinion of Stantec, experts in the field, that the proposed system will provide greater protection than the other systems currently in operation in Brant County.  The capital costs will be paid by Walton, including for construction, and when the operation is sustainable, turned over to the community.  This means the community will inherit a structure that pays for itself, including contributions to a reserve fund for any future maintenance.

Q: Will my taxes go up to pay for the proposed sewage treatment plant?

A: Taxes are a decision for council but any new development presents an opportunity for council to win development charges as well as a number of permit and approval fees as part of this application.  This will benefit the whole community.  When homes are occupied, residents will pay property taxes on the same basis as your homes.

Q: What about the stability of Tutela Heights Road with regards to the riverbank?

A: Careful consideration has been given to the natural environment and the precious resources we share.  Qualified engineers have undertaken traffic and geotechnical studies and their reports have been submitted to the County for review and approval as part of our application.  Based upon these studies the additional traffic from this development can be handled within the design of the existing road volume and structure.  These studies are available on this web page.

Q: What about the increase in traffic an expanded roads?

A: Stantec Consulting’s traffic engineers have undertaken a detailed transportation assessment. It is their opinion that the road system can accommodate the proposed development and there are no road capacity and/or traffic control improvements required.  Furthermore, Walton, through development charges collected by the municipality, will make a significant contribution towards the improvement of the local road system.  Further, we will be proposing a secondary route of entry and exit into our proposed development which may ease the amount of traffic on Tutela Heights Road.

Q: What about the Growth Plan Boundaries?

A: As it pertains to our proposed residential community in Tutela Heights, the County of Brant’s official plan has designated these lands as a settlement area and our plan is in accordance with that designation.
As it pertains to the balance of the lands we own and manage in Brant County, Walton has committed publicly to hold a series of charettes in the Fall to present its vision and invite community input.  We believe our approach to consultation ensures we’re building the very best communities.

Q: There should be more park space

A: The design incorporates common features of the existing built environment and also council’s approved plan for growth.  We do our utmost to strike a balance and believe this has been the case in Brant. We have designated 39.1% of our lands for open space/park space and intend it to be as much a space for the community as for future residents to enjoy. 

Q: What are you going to do about the Six Nations claim on the land? Are you going to pay development charges to the Six Nations band?

A: We have consulted Six Nations, appointed a permanent and independent member of the Band to supervise archaeological work and have reached out to them throughout this process. 

Q: Will the layout of the roads in the Riverbend Estates Community allow for efficient snow removal?

A: Yes, the roads are designed to meet the County of Brant Engineering and Design Standards.  As such the road widths and turning radii allow for the movement of snow removal equipment.

Q: Who is Walton?

A: We are first and foremost a family-owned, Canadian company based in Calgary, Alberta.  Our Open House was one of many opportunities we are trying to create in order for the community to get to know us and our interests in Brant.  We’ve held more than 25 meetings and remain committed to providing as much information as possible.  This commitment to you is important to us and, we believe, separates us from the competition. 

At Walton, we strive to build communities where people can live, work and play for generations to come.  The design elements we incorporate into any project are made to reflect the community’s values, the built and the natural environments.  Invariably, this won’t please everyone but we’re confident our approach to consultation ensures that the majority of views are fully taken on board.

Q: Do the residents of the Valley Estates Community have any issues with the proposed connector roads between the Riverbend Estates Community and Valley Estates?

A: The draft plan of subdivision and zoning by-law for Valley Estates was approved May 1, 2007 for 84 lots. The approved plan of subdivision identifies two access points, Westlake Boulevard and Ruijs Boulevard, which provide two street connections between the Riverbend Estates Community and the Valley Estates Community.

Q: Will Tutela Heights Road have the structural integrity to accommodate additional traffic from the Riverbend Estates Community, as well as heavy construction traffic?

A: Tutela Heights Road is a County of Brant maintained road. Traffic engineers with Stantec Consulting Ltd. believe the road system can accommodate the proposed development. However, as of the meeting on Tuesday, May 29, 2012, and in response to community concerns, Walton is proposing a connection between the northern and southern portions of the Riverbend Estates Community.  This may ease the amount of traffic on Tutela Heights Road notwithstanding assurances provided by our independent engineers.

Q: It is difficult to believe that only 200 trips will be generated from the Riverbend Estates Community during peak hours– isn’t 400 to 600 trips more realistic?

A: Stantec Consulting Ltd. has determined that, based on 215 units, the approximate volume of traffic entering and exiting the Riverbend Estates Community during the one hour peak period in the morning would be approximately 174 trips, and would be approximately 222 trips for the one hour peak period in the afternoon. 


These estimates are based on trip data collected at hundreds of single-family home residential developments in North America, which are summarized, analyzed, and presented in the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE), Trip Generation (8th Edition) publication. This is the industry standard for estimating trip generation, and it is noted that single-family land use represents the highest trip generation rates. 


For additional clarification, it is important to understand that these estimates are only used for assessing traffic conditions during the peak hours. The other hours of the day would have less traffic, and therefore, would operate at a higher level of service than during the peak hours.

Q: How will the new well impact the existing wells in the area?

A: The well (referred to as TW1A 11) is located on property owned by the County of Brant  on the north side of Ellis Avenue between Pleasant Ridge Road and Highway 24. It is located approximately 9 km from the Riverbend Estates Community. Recent well testing indicates that private and municipal wells in the area will not be impacted by the operation.

Q: Will the existing community be able to connect to any new water distribution system?

A: The County of Brant will determine how water from the new well is allocated.

Q: What is the quality of the water from the new well?

A: Water quality from the new well (TWA1A 11) meets the Ontario Drinking Water Standards criteria.

Q: How much water will be pumped from the new and existing wells?

A: The County of Brant will determine the amount of water pumped from the new well and the existing wells. However, results from the investigation of the new well indicate that the new well would permit a rate of 24 litres per second.

Q: How will the water be distributed from the new well to the Riverbend Estates Community?

A: Stantec Consulting Ltd. is working with the County of Brant to develop a water distribution model which will determine how water from the new well will be distributed to the Mount Pleasant wells.

Q: Are reports for the new well available to the public?

A: The Construction and Testing of Test Well TW1A-11, prepared by Stantec Consulting Ltd., is available on the Walton Riverbend website.

Q: How big are the stormwater management ponds?

A: There are two stormwater management facilities proposed. The central facility is 2.23 hectares (5.51 acres) and the southwestern facility is 0.92 hectares (2.27 acres), for a total of 3.15 hectares (7.78 acres).

Q: My property collects water which drains south to an existing ditch in the Riverbend Estates Community. What are the options to ensure there is no future flooding on my property?

A: There are a number of options available to ensure that there is no ponding or flooding on existing lots and that water continues to flow in a north to south direction. Possible solutions include rear-yard swales or a possible sub-drain system that connects to storm sewers. A topographic survey of existing elevations will provide information regarding existing conditions and will ensure appropriate measures are in place to ensure drainage from existing properties is maintained.

Q: Will the Rue Chateaux Terrace stormwater management facility be decommissioned? How many lots can be developed by the previous developer on this site?

A: The stormwater management facility located at the south end of Rue Chateaux Terrace is owned and operated by the County of Brant. The County of Brant will decide if the pond will be decommissioned and stormwater is directed to the proposed central stormwater management facility.

Q: Are there any plans for improving (widening or realigning) Tutela Heights Road, or Mount Pleasant Road south of Tutela Heights Road?

A: Stantec Consulting Ltd. has undertaken a detailed transportation assessment for the proposed development and study area. It is their opinion that the existing road system can accommodate the Riverbend Estates Community and no road capacity and/or traffic control improvements are required.

Q: What is the status of the road connecting Tutela Heights Road and Phelps Road east of the Riverbend Estates Community?

A: In 1990, a strip of land 66 feet wide by approximately 2,550 feet long was conveyed to the Corporation of the Township of Brantford (now the County of Brant). It is the responsibility of the County of Brant to determine if and when a road connection will be built between Tutela Heights and Phelps Roads.

Q: Can Phelps Road provide a direct route to Highway 403 via County Road 18?

A: Access to County Road 18 will continue to be via Tutela Heights Road, Mount Pleasant Road and Phelps Road.

Q: How will the proposed extension of Rue Chateaux drain?

A: The proposed storm drainage for the extension of Rue Chateaux Terrace is planned to drain south of the existing road and residences, and eastward to the new stormwater management facility via Street B in the Riverbend Estates Community.

Q: Can a sanitary sewer be provided on Rue Chateaux?

A: The 14 proposed homes on the Rue Chateaux Terrace extension will be connected to a sanitary sewer.

Q: Where does the treated water from the wastewater treatment facility and tiles discharge to? Will it end up in Grand River?

A: Treated water from the plant will be discharged to the local soils and will follow the current path of the underlying groundwater table, similar to the existing septic systems in Tutela Heights.  Over time, the groundwater typically finds its way to either a lower aquifer or a shallow groundwater discharge point.  In this case, the shallow groundwater discharge point is the Grand River.

Q: Where else is BNR technology used?

A: Biological Nutrient Removal is used in many small and large facilities including those located in Elmira, Waterloo, Brantford and the Region of Niagara.  Retirement communities such as Mini Lakes in Aberfoyle and Foxboro Green in Waterloo also use this technology.

Q: Is the proposed wastewater treatment plan on Agricultural lands?

A: The proposed location of the wastewater treatment facility is on lands managed by Walton south of the Riverbend Estates Community. These lands are within the Tutela Heights Area Study and are on lands designated as Agriculture.

Q: Will the wastewater treatment facility be visible to any residents?

A: The facility will not be visible to existing residents. It may be visible to new homes constructed at the south end of the Riverbend Estates Community.

Q: What is BNR?

A: Biological Nutrient Removal is the application of a biological process to remove nitrogen and phosphorus, in addition to the removal of organic carbon, in a conventional activated sludge process.

Q: What will the wastewater treatment facility look like?

A: The proposed wastewater treatment facility will be one storey high and approximately 4,000 square feet. It will be clad with construction materials such as siding.

Q: Will the stormwater management facilities be fenced?

A: The facilities will meet all of the criteria set out by the Ministry of Environment and the County of Brant. Typically, the ponds are not fenced except for those areas backing onto the rear yards of lots in the Riverbend Estates Community.

Q: Where will the proposed wastewater treatment facility be located?

A: The wastewater treatment facility is proposed to be located on lands currently managed by Walton, south of the Riverbend Estates Community.

Q: You make a commitment to the County residents to create a blank slate in consultation with them regarding Walton’s future plans for our County. At the same time, you have indicated you wish to have shovels in the ground in Tutela prior to the year end. This seems a bit contradictory and so we are requesting that Tutela Heights area become part of your blank slate approach to planning for Brant County.

A: The project web page was officially launched on June 19, 2012 and incorporates copies of the technical reports that have been prepared by our professional consultants in support of the project, provides a Questions and Answers section where residents can request additional details of the project, and provides general information to keep the residents and community informed about upcoming events, next steps, and meetings.

As a result of the feedback Walton received from our meetings with 25 individuals and groups in the community, held between January and March 2012, we incorporated a number of modifications to the community design and the Draft Plan of Subdivision to address areas of community input and presented the revised plan to the residents through a series of follow-up meetings throughout the month of May 2012.

We felt it was important to hear the views of those individual residents who live nearby our future community.  During the course of our meeting  with over 25 individuals and hearing their views, the vast majority of those individual residents provided us great, constructive insight of what they would like to see in Riverbend Community in Tutela Heights and how this new community could interface with the existing area.  We were able to incorporate most of these requests and the resulting plan and community design is a good plan that all of us can be proud of.  This was a result of the good work, genuine  input, and meaningful  collaboration with the residents. 

At the May 29, 2012 Walton Community Open House, we committed to the community at large, that we would engage in a series of charrette processes, or community based visioning exercises, for our other land holdings in the County of Brant over the course of fall of 2012. We are in the process of scheduling the first of these for the early part of September and will be proceeding as we promised.

This revised Draft Plan of Subdivision presented at the Community Open House held on May 29, 2012, has been formally re-submitted to the County of Brant on June 28 ,2012. It is important to re-iterate that the lands comprising the  Riverbend Community are within the current Hamlet Boundary . We will proceed, as we announced on May 29, 2012 Community meeting,  to bring our plan to Brant County Council in September, 2012.

Therefore, the Riverbend lands will not be a part of the charrette process.   

Q: What environmental impact assessments have been done on the areas you are planning to take water from to service this new development? I see that there is a fairly comprehensive EIS on the Tutela area itself however there will be significant amounts of water transported from one area of the county to another from a new source. What will be the impact on THAT area from this loss of water?

A: A temporary Category 3 Permit To Take Water (PTTW) was obtained from the Ministry of the Environment (MOE) to facilitate the testing of the new well.  Prior to use of this well within the County’s municipal water supply and distribution system, a Municipal Class Environmental Assessment (Class EA) process will be undertaken by Walton in conjunction with their development approval process for the Riverbend Estates Subdivision.  The Class EA process will examine the social, environmental, and financial impacts of both the proposed water supply and water distribution systems.  Furthermore, an additional PTTW application process for any new water supply well identified as the preferred solution within the Class EA process will be required and it must be demonstrated that the proposed water taking is sustainable and will not impact other groundwater users or sensitive receptors in the area.  Technical experts at the MOE will review the report findings to determine if these criteria are met prior to issuing a PTTW.

Q: It is my understanding that seasonal changes in the water must be monitored over a full year to assess both human introduced and seasonal impacts on water. What was the time period for the hydrogeological studies Walton has published? They do reference that at the time of the study, the water was different than at other times of the year. If they are less than a year, when will a full cycle study be completed? Does this include both the water taking area of the new source as well as the Tutela Heights area – the water receiving area?

A: For the Hydrogeological Assessment dated June 2011, water levels were collected from January to March 2011. For the Construction and Testing of TW1A-11 report dated December 2011, water levels were collected in September and October 2011. Additional water level information will be collected, if it is required by regulatory agencies.